I graduated from The Master’s Seminary on Sunday night, and it was a thrilling time for my family and I. The last 4 1/2 years have been a time I will always thank God for. Studying at TMS has changed me and will impact how I view ministry and think of God’s Word for the rest of my life. It was also a very trying time as we went through many trials (see my post, My Senior Testimony in Chapel at TMS), and especially tiring as I worked almost 40 hours a week, attended classes, studied, carved out precious family time together, and made time for ministry. This made Sunday night sweet (even though I finished classes in December), as it brought finality and joyous celebration to what God had done in bringing us to TMS and sustaining us.
Even though there was a great solemnity to the Graduation and the realization that I had been equipped and now needed to be a steward of what I had been given, I was smiling almost the whole time thinking of God’s goodness. My heart was overflowing with gratitude for this opportunity, knowing that it was all of God’s grace, and with thanksgiving for my supportive wife and family. What caught me off guard and brought tears to my eyes was when the last Diploma had been handed out and the crowd of over 2,500 was told it could now applaud. The Worship Center erupted into a standing ovation with cheers and shouts of joy. Once our friends and family had sat back down, I heard more than one man around me trying to hold back tears. I immediately thought of Hebrews 12:1-2:
“Therefore, since we have so great a cloud of witnesses surrounding us, let us also lay aside every encumbrance and the sin which so easily entangles us, and let us run with endurance the race that is set before us, fixing our eyes on Jesus, the author and perfecter of faith, who for the joy set before Him endured the cross, despising the shame, and has sat down at the right hand of the throne of God.”
Those witnesses cheering us on Sunday night as we arrived at the finish line were not the faithful martyrs mentioned in Hebrews 11, but they had encouraged us along our “race”. I then thought of how in a very real sense, even though the race of seminary was now over, the race of ministry was just beginning. In fact, each of us, you included, have been running the race of the Christian life (including being active in ministry) since the moment we were saved. We in the Body of Christ are to be cheering each other on and encouraging each other to keep our eyes on Jesus. One of my primary jobs as a pastor will be to equip the saints for the work of the ministry (Ephesians 4:11-12). This means that I want my life to be poured out in ministry, but a large part of that is preparing and encouraging others to fully take hold of the ministries God has given them. If only the pastor was a “minister,” hardly any ministry would happen from any given church. But if every member understands they have a ministry, then that church will have a great impact for Christ.
Is your ministry hosting a Bible Study? Helping in Children’s ministry? Hospital visitation? Leadership? Missions? Worship music? Organizing meals for those who are sick or just had a baby? Planning outreach activities or VBS? Discipling somebody by going through a book with them? Maybe focusing on ministering to your husband and children right now? It could be anything that God has gifted you in which brings glory to Him and furthers His Kingdom. What is your ministry?? I would love to hear from you if you would like to comment below. Let the race begin!
(Although I want this to be primarily a ministry and devotional-related blog, I know that many of you are family and friends and that you would love to see pictures so I am including several pictures from the Graduation.)
A few weeks ago my wife and I were in the kitchen when we heard a terrifying sound: a huge crash coming from our son’s room and then screams of fear and pain. I ran into his room to see the most frightening scene I have witnessed in my life yet: my 4 year old son was crushed under his dresser that had completely fallen on top of him. He had pulled all of the drawers out as he was putting something away and it toppled onto him. All I remember in the seconds between seeing what happened and lifting it off of him was his body crushed, and his head sticking out from underneath the top of the dresser with a look of terror and “help” in his eyes as he screamed. We are so thankful that he was fine. The Doctor said he just needed to take it easy for a few days, and as I write this he is happily playing energetically as he normally does.
Maybe because our pastor is preaching through Isaiah 53, the next day I thought of the verse speaking of Christ that says, “Yet it was the will of the LORD to crush Him…” (Is. 53:10). It is no wonder that Christ cried out on the cross, “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?” (Matt. 27:46b). When Christ was bearing sin on the cross and taking the full brunt of God’s wrath against sin, it is not just as if God saw His Son crushed “under the dresser” (sin) and turned away, but rather that it was actually His will for Him to be crushed. This is why some “Christian theologians” have so mistakingly called substitutionary atonement “divine child abuse.” They have a completely unbiblical view of the fact that Christ was both man and God and came into the world for this plan of salvation that had been in the works since before the foundation of the world (Eph. 1:4). In His humanity Christ cried out as He was crushed by sin and His very Father’s wrath as He bore our sins: “But He was wounded for our trangressions; He was crushed for our iniquities…” (Is. 53:5). In His deity, Christ was resolute: “…And what shall I say? ‘Father, save me from this hour’? But for this purpose I have come to this hour. Father, glorify Your name.” (John 12:27b-28a).
When we think of Christ’s sin-bearing from the perspective of God pouring out His wrath on His beloved Son, it can be shocking and seem “scandalous.” But when we think of it from the perspective of Christ bearing our sin, we praise the One who did this for our good and His glory. Thank you Lord for this truth: “He made Him who knew no sin to be sin on our behalf, so that we might become the righteousness of God in Him.” (2 Cor. 5:21)
I was on Jury Duty recently and as I was waiting in the Jury Room to be called up or not called up to court, I thought about how at that moment the government had so much sovereignty over my life. Whether or not they called my name would determine if I would go to work the next day or back to the courthouse. If I was assigned (I was), it could be a quick 2 day trial or my life could have to revolve around a trial for months (after all, I live in L.A. County).
I think God’s sovereignty is sometimes hard for us to understand as American Christians because we don’t have any clear examples of “absolute” authority such as was so common during the time the Bible was written. The government’s “power” to make me come in to Jury Duty and to decide what would happen with the next few weeks of my life, or to force me to pay taxes, is about the extent of my personal involvement with the government’s sovereignty. I used to wrestle quite a bit with God’s sovereignty. Although I accepted it, as God is clearly displayed and explained as sovereign again and again and again in God’s Word, and although I wanted to understand it, it sometimes made me question my understanding of God. My understanding of God needed to be questioned and expanded.
I remember reading a quote by Jonathan Edwards that exclaimed, “…Absolute sovereignty is what I love to ascribe to God…” (quoted in Desiring God, p. 38, by John Piper). I could tell by the way Edwards worded it that he rejoiced in this attribute of God. I had a hard time saying this the same way, much like the struggle that Habakkuk had at the beginning of his prophecy, before he waited on the LORD . I think it was because I wanted to rejoice in God’s sovereignty, but all of the theological and practical “problems” were getting tangled up in my mind. Praise God that I can now agree with Jonathan Edwards in the rest of his quote: “And there has been a wonderful alteration in my mind, in respect to the doctrine of God’s sovereignty, from that day to this; so that I scarce ever have found so much as the rising of an objection against it, in the most absolute sense…I have often since had not only a conviction but a delightful conviction. The doctrine has very often appeared exceeding pleasant, bright, and sweet. Absolute sovereignty is what I love to ascribe to God. But my first conviction was not so…” (quoted in Desiring God, p. 38, by John Piper).
The Lord has been teaching me this doctrine again and again over the last 15 years as I have studied the Bible and constantly been confronted with God’s absolute sovereignty and also as I have seen it lived out in my own life, family, and ministry with others. I love God’s sovereignty now. I love to exclaim with the Psalmist, “The LORD reigns, let the earth rejoice; let the many coastlands be glad!” (Psalm 97:1) I am prepared to accept and deal as biblically as I can with any confusion that may cause (more posts on that in the future, in particular regarding “Sickness” and “Suffering and the Sovereignty of God”). The fact that the LORD reigns is actually the greatest comfort now during times of trial rather than a question mark. It is a sweet doctrine to be embraced rather than to be feared. One thing that has helped me in my understanding of and rejoicing in God’s sovereignty is knowing that His sovereignty is always exercised in a way that corresponds with His other attributes, such as His love, mercy, compassion, justice, etc. A favorite way that I like to express this truth is that “God is both sovereign and good.”
There is a sense in which, when God is seen as sovereign, He is seen more clearly as God than with any other attribute. Everything else is created, but only God is the ruler of the universe. That is why so many of the Psalms (the “worship book” of the Bible) call attention to God’s greatness and sovereignty, because reflecting on this aspect of His character inspires worship. I remember hearing R.C. Sproul teach pastors that if they hide an aspect of God’s character from their people then they are guilty of veiling the glory of God. May we as God’s people never be declared guilty on that count!
“My flesh and my heart may fail, But God is the strength of my heart and my portion forever…as for me, the nearness of God is my good; I have made the Lord GOD my refuge, That I may tell of all Your works.“
Psalm 73:26, 28
I was thrilled to give my Senior Testimony in Chapel at The Master’s Seminary on April 3rd, 2012. I pray that you will be encouraged and I invite you to give glory to the Lord with us for what He has done in our lives. Great is His faithfulness!
Thank You, Lord, for Your sovereignty and goodness in my life and for how You have blessed our family over the last 4 1/2 years of seminary. Thank You for Your grace in allowing me to attend The Master’s Seminary. May You truly receive ALL the glory!!
It is Thursday night of “Passion Week.” We all know that Christ died on Friday and rose on Sunday, but what happened on Thursday night? He washed His disciples’ feet. He taught His disciples in the Upper Room. He transformed the Passover meal into “The Lord’s Supper” commemorating His death. He cried out to the Father in the Garden of Gethsemane until He sweat drops of blood. He was betrayed with a kiss. He was arrested. And He knocked a large detachment of Roman soldiers to the ground with His word.
The beloved Apostle, moved by the Holy Spirit, remembered that night: “So Judas, having procured a band of soldiers and some officers from the chief priests and the Pharisees, went there with lanterns and torches and weapons. Then Jesus, knowing all that would happen to Him, came forward and said to them, ‘Whom do you seek?’ They answered him, ‘Jesus of Nazareth.’ Jesus said to them, ‘I am He.’ Judas, who betrayed him, was standing with them. When Jesus said to them, ‘I am he,’ they drew back and fell to the ground.” (John 18:3-6)
Judas, along with the religious leaders, had organized a detachment of soldiers to come and arrest Jesus in the garden. The word translated “band” of soldiers in the ESV is a “cohort” of Roman soldiers that would normally number 600 men. However, depending on the circumstances it could be up to 1,000 or as little as 200. Given that there were extra Roman soldiers on duty for the Passover Feast, as well as the fact that the other Gospels indicate that there were others besides the soldiers in the crowd who carried clubs, it is no exaggeration to say that there was a minimum of 300 men there that night if not the full 1,000 given Jesus’ popularity just a few days before on “Palm Sunday.” This would be at least 15 times more armed men than are in the picture at the top of this post.
Jesus decimated them by simply answering “I am” to their question. These trained killers fell to the ground at the word of our Savior!
It is mind-boggling how some commentators will try to explain away this profound moment before Jesus was arrested. It is another display of His authority before He would let them arrest Him, and we are reminded once again that He is the incarnate God before He humbles Himself to the point of death on a cross. Before His greatest humility, He once again displayed His power. Yet some will say things such as that they fell down because they expected to find a meek peasant and instead were met in the dim light by a majestic person. Ludicrous. Others say that those in the front were startled when Jesus appeared out of the shadows, which in turn knocked down those behind them like dominoes. Nonsense. Roman soldiers were highly trained and had taken over much of the world. They battled against the most powerful armies on earth and often won. They did not easily spook and fall down like children when somebody emerged from a dark garden that was now lit up with their torches. But, they did fall down when Jesus said “I am.” As John MacArthur explains, “All Jesus had to do was speak His name–the name of God–and His enemies were rendered helpless.” (The MacArthur New Testament Commentary, John 12-21, p. 308)
It is no wonder Peter was emboldened to cut off the ear of the slave of the high priest! Christ quickly reminded Peter right in front of the soldiers that if He wanted to, He could ask the Father to send 72,000 angels that He could then command (Matt. 26:53). What was a detachment of Roman soldiers compared to His power?
This was a foretaste of Christ as sovereign LORD even though the cross was looming on the horizon. The same Apostle John who wrote the Gospel of John later saw Christ exalted and described Him: “…from His mouth came a sharp two-edged sword, and His face was like the sun shining in full strength. When I saw him, I fell at His feet as though dead. But He laid His right hand on me, saying, ‘Fear not, I am the first and the last, and the living one. I died, and behold I am alive forevermore, and I have the keys of Death and Hades.‘” (John 18:16-18)
Just as He laid His hand on John to show His grace, how He loves you and me! That He would place Himself into the hands of these soldiers to obey the will of the Father, to be crushed on the cross as He paid the awful and incomprehensible price of sin when He could have stopped it all in an instant, with a word, needs to move us!
Even when they fell down at His word, the soldiers in the garden that night didn’t recognize Him as God. But it may have contributed to God’s work in some of their hearts as later some soldiers would believe in Christ as the Son of God and Savior even at the foot of the cross the next day. As you celebrate Good Friday and then Resurrection Sunday, remember that our King was not a victim of an evil plan (although it was evil, Acts 2:23), but rather the triumphant Victor of the Plan that had been made before the foundation of the world (Acts 2:23). Thank You Jesus for Your power, and thank You for Your grace!
There is way too much confusion about the Gospel. If we as Christians are basing our entire lives on the truth of the Gospel, should it not be crystal clear in our minds? I am embarrassed to tell you one of my moments of un-clarity regarding the Gospel: the Pastor that I worked with in New Mexico asked me one day how I would share the Gospel with somebody that I was sitting next to in an airplane if the plane was going to crash. I had been in full-time ministry for over 3 years at that point and let me tell you, I was hoping that imaginary airplane was flying high at cruising altitude when the engines failed! I was able to share it biblically faithfully as I had many times when the Lord gave me opportunities, but not concisely.
How about you? When you have only a few minutes but a clear opportunity or even someone asking you to share the Gospel, do you know where to start and finish? What are the non-negotiables that they need to know in order to truly be saved? Are you teaching the Gospel to your children constantly? Do you thank God regularly for what He has done for you in Christ because it is often on your mind? We need the Gospel to be emblazoned upon our hearts and ready on our lips!
When I recently attended the Shepherd’s Conference at Grace Community Church where we are members, I had a list of several kinds of books that I was looking for at the Conference Book Store. At the top of my list was a book about the Gospel. I knew that after 4 1/2 years of studying more than I thought possible to be as equipped as I could be for full-time ministry, that I needed to step back and see the big picture. I also knew that I want to be laser-sharp on what the Gospel is in my ministries now and as I look ahead to full-time ministry. If I could go back and change only one thing in the almost 6 wonderful years of being a Youth Pastor before seminary, it would be to preach and explain the Gospel more often and more clearly. Paul the Apostle taught the whole counsel of God, and yet there was a sense in which he could say to the Corinthians, “For I decided to know nothing among you except Jesus Christ and Him crucified” (1 Corinthians 2:2).
I found exactly the book that I was looking for in the little book What is the Gospel? by Greg Gilbert. So, what IS the Gospel?? This is the most important question that you will ever ask, as well as the most important question that you will ever answer. I agree with Gilbert as he shows that Scripture breaks it into 4 basic truths:
1) God. We are accountable to the God who created us. He is both Creator, and holy and righteous (Genesis 1:1, Psalm 24:1, Matthew 5:48).
2) Man. We have sinned against that God and will be judged (Romans 3:10, 6:23; Isaiah 59:2).
3) Christ.But God has acted in Jesus Christ to save us. God sent Christ as both fully God and fully man, and as God’s perfect Son He died on the cross to pay the penalty for sin and then rose from the dead (Colossians 2:9, Romans 5:8, 2 Corinthians 5:21, 1 Corinthians 15:4).
4) Response. We take hold of that salvation by repentance from sin and faith in Jesus (Isaiah 55:7, Luke 9:23, Romans 10:9, Acts 17:30).
Look at all 4 principles laid out clearly in Romans 3:23-25a, “…for all have sinned and fall short [man] of the glory of God [God], and are justified by his grace as a gift, through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus , whom God put forward as a propitiation by his blood [Christ], to be received by faith [response]…”
It was said in many different ways all throughout God’s Word. Sometimes it was assumed that part of it was already believed, such as that God was Creator and Judge to a Jewish audience. But these 4 basic principles are always in the background or in the forefront of a complete Gospel presentation.
As Gilbert points out, another way of looking at these 4 truths is how they answer 4 crucial questions that Paul lays out in Romans 1-4:
“1) Who made us, and to whom are we accountable? [God]
2) What is our problem? In other words, are we in trouble and why? [Man]
3) What is God’s solution to that problem? How has he acted to save us from it? [Christ]
4) How do I–myself, right here, right now–how do I come to be included in that salvation? What makes this good news for me and not just for someone else? [Response]”
As I look at the precious and glorious answers to those four questions, I am reminded of the simplicity of the Gospel and yet its’ profundity. The Good News of Jesus Christ is simple enough for a child to understand, and yet complex enough to write a doctoral dissertation on each of these points and still not plumb the depths!
It is also easy to notice that the Gospel is made up of both bad news AND good news. In our society of “whatever you believe is true, is true for you” philosophy, and generous tolerance of any belief except for Christianity, I am afraid that we are too ready to soften the parts about us being accountable to God the Creator, the depth of our sin, or the fact that our King was crucified on a wooden Roman instrument of torture over two thousand years ago and then actually rose from the dead. It is especially hard for people who have been taught all of their lives that man is essentially good to understand what they need to be saved from. It is equally hard in our day to explain to those who have a “Santa Claus” view of God that He is not only a God of unfathomable love but also unfathomable holiness, and their Judge. Yet that is exactly what people need to hear. The whole, simple, profound, true, cutting, crushing, revealing, surprising, loving, saving, and gracious Gospel of Jesus Christ!
Let’s take note of Gilbert’s alarm: “Indeed I believe one of the greatest dangers the body of Christ faces today is the temptation to rethink and rearticulate the gospel in a way that makes its’ center something other than the death of Jesus on the cross in the place of sinners.”
If you teach Sunday School, if you have children, if you preach, if you have neighbors or co-workers or relatives who need to hear the Gospel (we all do), or if you just need to think clearly and deeply about the Gospel (we all do), I encourage you to read this book, and soon! I know that you will devour it as I did, and that it will result in more praise to Jesus Christ. As Gilbert explains, “An emaciated gospel leads to emaciated worship. It lowers our eyes from God to self and cheapens what God has accomplished for us in Christ. The biblical gospel, by contrast, is like fuel in the furnace of worship.” I am thankful for this book, because having a precise and lucid understanding of the biblical Gospel “calls us forward to that final day when heaven will be filled with the roaring noise of millions upon millions of forgiven voices hailing him as crucified Savior and risen King.”
Psalm 127, below, has quickly become a favorite Psalm for Melanie and I (Scripture in italics, my comments are in brackets):
Unless the LORD builds the house,
They labor in vain who build it;
Unless the LORD guards the city,
The watchman keeps awake in vain.
It is vain for you to rise up early, to retire late,
To eat the bread of painful labors;
For He gives to His beloved even in his sleep.
[This reminds me of God’s good sovereignty and provision, and how He has taken care of our family all throughout Seminary and will continue to watch over us.]
Behold, children are a gift of the LORD,
The fruit of the womb is a reward.
[The LORD gives us children as a great blessing of His undeserved grace. Notice how the Psalmist uses the phrase “fruit of the womb” instead of just “offspring”; he is pointing out how they are a good, sweet gift from God.]
Like arrows in the hand of a warrior,
So are the children of one’s youth.
How blessed is the man whose quiver is full of them;
They will not be ashamed
When they speak with their enemies in the gate.
[What are arrows for? To eventually launch out. In this case, the target no matter where the arrow lands is God’s glory.]
I recently took a look at every verse that I could find about children in the Bible because I want to be thinking God’s thoughts on any subject, and I knew in particular that what God’s Word says about children would be in stark contrast to our culture. The era in which we live too often says or acts like they are a burden, an inconvenience, an expense that gets in the way of what I want for myself, etc. But what surprised me as I surveyed God’s Word on children were two things:
1) There is actually more of an emphasis on how parents have the imperative from God to raise their children to live for Him than on the subject of “children.”
2) The verses that do address the subject of “children” are unequivocally positive. Picture Jesus holding the children in his lap and talking with them when the disciples thought he was too busy and told them to go away, and you get the picture of God’s special love for children.
As you can see from this adorable picture below, Melanie and I are thrilled to announce with Big Brother Tobias and Big Sister Gracie that we will be having our 3rd child Lord willing about September 25th!!!
We are blessed, very blessed, and we give praise to God, that we once again will have the opportunity to love one of His little ones that looks a lot like us, and to point him or her to Jesus.
I turned 33 this week, and turning the same age that Jesus was when He had completely fulfilled His earthly ministry caused me to pause and think about what I am accomplishing with my life.
John Paton was 33 when he and his wife sailed to the New Hebrides islands to be missionaries to cannibals. Adoniram Judson was 24 when he and his wife moved to Burma (now Myanmar) to be missionaries to what was then a “closed” country. David Brainerd died at the age of 29 from tuberculosis after being sick and discouraged much of his adult life–yet his hope in God and zeal for ministry led hundreds of Native Americans to faith in Christ, and his diaries continue to have an impact today. Robert Murray McCheyne was 29 when he died of typhus, yet his ministry continues through his biography, writings, and Bible reading plan that is popular even today. Jim Elliott, who said “He is no fool who gives what he cannot keep to gain that which he cannot lose,” proved it by dying as a martyr at the age of 28 trying to evangelize Indians in Ecuador. His wife, Elizabeth Elliott, was 32 when she and her 3 year old daughter went to live with the tribe that had killed her husband, so that they could teach them about Jesus. Amy Carmichael was 33 when she began rescuing girls from prostitution in India and giving them the hope of the Gospel as well as a home.
I don’t write this to make either you or myself simply feel bad about what we are accomplishing right now as compared to others, but to ask ourselves, “Am I making the best use of my time?” I don’t need to be a missionary or the Son of God to obey Ephesians 5:15-16, “Therefore be careful how you walk, not as unwise men but as wise, making the most of your time, because the days are evil.” But am I fulfilling the ministry that the Lord has for me right now, and am I doing it in light of eternity? Am I making purposeful choices, realizing that how I choose to spend my days will turn into how I lived my life?
By God’s great grace I plan to be a Pastor, but tomorrow I will put on a black polo shirt and go sell phones at Sprint. The all-important question that faces all of us everyday no matter where we find ourselves tomorrow is, “Am I glorifying Christ in how I live?” Am I choosing to be a light for Christ wherever I am? Am I pursuing holiness in my day to day life? Am I further along now in my understanding of God’s Word and His will than I was 1 year ago? Am I praying and asking God how my family and I could better serve Him where we are at now? Am I looking to the future, realizing that the decisions I make now will shape my life for the next 33 years? Am I investing in my wife and children, knowing that quantity time really is better than quality time in the long haul?
As Moses prayed thousands of years ago, “So teach us to number our days, that we may present to You a heart of wisdom” (Psalm 90:12). Lord, teach me to number my days so that if you bless me with another 33 years You will be more glorified in my life, family, and ministry than You are now. Lord, teach me to number my days so that if I died tomorrow as some of Your faithful servants died at a young age, that others would be encouraged to live for You by my memory. Oh, may we not look back at the end of our lives and say that we wasted them! Are you making the best use of your time?
We are all outraged when a judge is found to be corrupt, when the very ones who are to be upholding justice commit a travesty of justice. We are also all familiar with the jokes that point fun at corrupt lawyers, lawyers who try to get what they can for both themselves and their client no matter who is truly guilty. However, can you imagine a situation in which the judge himself cannot possibly do any injustice because of his character? Can you imagine a situation in which the lawyer is absolutely blameless and yet pays the penalty of his rightly accused client? Such is the picture of God the Father as Judge and Jesus Christ as Advocate for those who have trusted in Christ for salvation. The New Testament paints a beautiful picture of God’s unmerited favor in 1 John 2:1, “My little children, I am writing these things to you so that you may not sin. And if anyone sins, we have an Advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous.”
First, it is important to note that the Apostle John is writing to Christians in this passage. He is writing to those who have already been saved as Romans 10:9-10 describes, those who already have claimed the blood of Jesus to forgive their sins and to grant them salvation. By confessing Jesus Christ as their Lord and believing that He not only died in their place (2 Corinthians 5:21) but also rose from the dead, they now have eternal life. But what is often misunderstood by Christians and non-Christians alike is that the work of Christ’s salvation does not end at that moment.
Jesus not only rose from the dead but He also ascended into Heaven after His physical, bodily work on earth was done for now. He is presently seated before God the Father as the believer’s Advocate. Jesus is often pictured in the New Testament as seated at God’s right hand because the position at the right hand of a King symbolized a position of absolute authority under the King, but He is also pictured as seated because His work in one sense is done (Colossians 3:1, Hebrews 1:3). Jesus fulfilled the work of the High Priest that was foreshadowed in the Old Testament. Once a year, on the Day of Atonement, that priest would enter into God’s presence after taking the blood of the sacrificed animals and a censer with burning incense. He would then enter behind the inner veil of theTemple, what was known as the “Holy of Holies” where the Ark of the Covenant was, and where God’s enthroned presence was above theArk. After entering behind the veil, the High Priest would sprinkle the blood upon the mercy seat to atone for the people’s sins, because God’s law demanded that a blood sacrifice be made for sin (Hebrews 9:22, see all of Hebrews 9 for the description of this ritual and how Christ fulfilled it). Jesus Christ, however, as the ultimate High Priest, entered God’s presence in Heaven, which the earthly Temple was a shadow of. He offered Himself and His blood there to God as the final payment for sin for those who would trust in Him.
God is perfectly holy, without even a hint of sin. Many people think that because God is also loving and forgiving, that they can come to Him in any way that they want to and He will forgive them. However, God would be unjust to do so without a proper payment for sin. This is why He sent His Son, Jesus Christ, to die for sinners. Still, although His work regarding the payment of sins was done through His death on the cross, Christ also has an ongoing ministry that is happening today (Hebrews 8:2, 6).
Now He stands before God and is the Advocate for the Christian. As John MacArthur has explained, “Whenever we sin He says to the Father, ‘Put that on My account. My sacrifice has already paid for it.’…In His Son we are now blameless in the Father’s sight.” The reason that a Christian can know that a spotless God will accept him or her back after sinning is not only because of Christ’s finished work on the cross, but also because He now stands as the Advocate. The New International Version translates the Greek word parakletos that many versions translate as “advocate” by explaining, “one who speaks to the Father in our defense.” Only Jesus could fulfill this role, not only because He lived a perfect life, but because He is both God and man.
When Jesus was born of the Virgin Mary, the Son of God became flesh. That means that the second person of the Trinity was joined eternally with sinless humanity. Because of this, He is not as the priests were in the Old Testament, imperfect advocates or mediators between God and man. After Jesus’ ascension, He is able to stand before the Father face to face in Heaven and claim each sin of His own children as paid for fully by His blood. In fact, the original language of 1 John 2:2 points this out: “…And if anyone sins, we have an Advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous…” (emphasis mine). The word with, along with the legal picture painted in this verse and the theology of the New Testament that we have discussed, point out that Jesus Christ’s unique position as the Ascended Son of God gives Him the right to be face to face with the Father on behalf of His followers. Jesus is qualified to look into the Father’s eyes, as it were, and claim His own. It is the fact that the Person of Christ is both God and Man that gives Him the character to be able to be the believer’s Advocate. This aspect of His character is seen at the end of verse 1, “Jesus Christ the righteous,” and in the following verse of 1 John, “and He Himself is the propitiation for our sins…” (2:2). On the basis of Christ’s perfect character, He is able to propitiate or appease the wrath of God.
It needs to be pointed out that although Christ is needed as the defense of believers before the holy God, it is not as if God the Father is unwilling to forgive in this whole scenario. He is the one who planned all of this before the foundation of the world (Ephesians 1:3-5, John 3:16, Galatians 4:4, 2 Corinthians 5:19)! This is how He is able to be both just and the justifier of those who have faith in Jesus, pardoning them on the basis of Christ’s past and continuing work (Romans 3:26).
Besides man’s guilt because of sin, there is the great deceiver and enemy of our souls that must be dealt with. Satan is known as the accuser of the brethren, and in Job (i.e. chapters 1 and 2) we can see that one of his activities is to go before God and accuse us. Perhaps he says something like, “What about your follower Tim Counts? He can’t even keep from sinning with his mouth for more than a day, even though he has promised you again and again to do better when he sometimes ‘repents.’” The picture of 1 John 2:2 that has also been drawn out from Hebrews and Romans is that Jesus would then look at the Father and show His wounds in His hands and side and declare, “Tim Counts is one of mine. My blood covers his sins. He has access to your Throne. His unrighteousness is covered by my righteousness.” God the Father looks at Satan and exclaims, you have no accusation that can stick against Tim. He is forgiven!
For the Christian who is struggling with coming to God for forgiveness of that same sin again, Jesus Christ stands as the Advocate before the Father, giving us unfettered access to God! The loving God who is also the Judge of the World has appointed the perfect Advocate. There is no one, not even Satan, who can bring an accusation too great against those who have truly run to Jesus for refuge, because Jesus still intercedes for us (Romans 8:35). For the unbeliever who wonders if he or she can ever have a relationship with God who seems so far away, Jesus Christ offers forgiveness as the only one qualified to be able to truly offer it and exclaims triumphantly, “Come to me!” I have spoken to unbelievers who think that I somehow think of myself as better than them because I believe in the exclusivity of Christ to forgive sins. Rather, I am humbled that God would see fit to provide Christ who even intercedes for me today when I sin, all by His free gift of salvation! He is my sure hope of a relationship with God, and their only hope. One of my favorite worship songs beautifully states the theme of Christ’s Advocacy that gives me free access to the Throne of Grace. It is a favorite because it points to the greatness of a God who is transcendent and yet forgiving because of Christ’s death and current ministry as my Advocate.
Where would we be if it were not for Christ? Certainly not in a right standing with God! How amazing it is that we can call the perfectly holy, all-powerful, sovereign, and transcendent God “Abba,” Father, because of what our Advocate (see next post!) Jesus Christ has done. His advocacy on our behalf (if you are in Christ) means that the ultimate question in all of life has been answered. To know that all is right between you and God means that there can be no event in your life that happens out of His sovereign and loving care (Romans 8:28), and that nothing can separate you from your identity in Christ nor from the love of Christ (Romans 8:31-39). Christ truly is our only hope…I don’t know how people who don’t know Christ as Savior cope with living in a world that is so scarred with sin and the effects of sin. Surely that is God’s grace in itself, that they continue on and may repent (2 Peter 3:9). How thankful I am that we have the cross to always look to, to be reminded of God’s grace! It is because of Christ that I dare come into the presence of God the Father (Hebrews 6:19-20).
If you read this post, please don’t move on without asking yourself if Christ is your Advocate. Have you confessed Him as Lord and Savior, believing that you are in need of forgiveness of sins (Romans 3:23) and that ONLY by placing your faith in God’s Son Jesus you can be saved? Have you asked Him to save you from the penalty of death for your sins (Romans 6:23) and believed that He died on the cross for your sins and rose from the grave on the 3rd day? All other religions and worldviews, which rely on one’s own accomplishments ultimately for salvation, bring glory to self, not Christ (Ephesians 2:8-9). But believing that Christ is your only hope for salvation brings glory to Him as the God-Man, the Son of God, and also brings glory to God as we rejoice in His provision of salvation and a right relationship with Him. May Christ become greater, and may I become less! I hope that your prayer is the same.